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The Bank of England faces a finely balanced interest rate decision

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A watershed six weeks took at least some of the heat of the UK monetary policy debate in the run-up to Thursday’s interest rate decision.

When the BoE’s nine rate-makers last met, in early November, they were hard-pressed to restore confidence in the UK’s economic management, after the market turmoil unleashed, to hastily reverse the “mini” budget. Heavy tightening by the European Central Bank and the US Federal Reserve.

duly Delivered An interest rate increase of 0.75 percentage point – the largest in more than 30 years – which brought the benchmark interest rate to 3 percent.

Now, the gold markets have calmed down. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has set fiscal policy on a more conventional path. There is a chance that both the Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank will slow down interest rate hikes this week.

So did the Bank of England. Investors are betting that the Monetary Policy Committee will choose to raise interest rates by 0.5 percentage point, rather than repeat last month’s huge move. “Our sense is that the majority see November’s 75 basis point move as an exceptional step rather than the start of a new normal,” said Paul Hollingsworth, economist at BNP Paribas.

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But with the UK facing the worst growth outlook of any major economy, and some of the most persistent inflationary pressures, the decision will be nicely balanced.

Analysts said there is a possibility of a three- or even four-way split in the committee. More hardline members – such as Dave Ramsden and Jonathan Haskell – have argued that hardening should be preloaded. inflation Expectations are under control and you could vote for a larger increase.

On the other hand, Silvana Tenero has argued that the Bank of England has already done enough to bring inflation below target, once the full impact of its latest tightening is felt, and Swati Dhingra has suggested that any further increase in borrowing costs will unnecessarily deepen and prolong the impending recession.

while, Andrew BaileyThe BoE governor made it clear that “there will be more to do” to put inflation – which hit 11.1 per cent in October – on a sustainable path. He’s been less clear about how quickly or how far interest rates will rise, but when confronted by his predecessor, Mervyn King, he admitted that the Bank of England views a recession as “an integral part of the process needed to get inflation back to . . 2 per cent on a basis.” sustainable.”

Developments since the last MPC meeting provide food for both the doves and hawks in the committee.

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There is some evidence to suggest that general inflation has now peaked – with oil prices falling, sterling rising, and surveys showing that companies are becoming less confident in their ability to raise prices.

But there are now signs of strong wage growth starting to push up prices for services — a worrying development for the Bank of England because it suggests inflation may not fall enough even after the effects of the pandemic on supply chains and Ukraine’s war on energy prices disappear.

The contraction in GDP so far has been less than the Bank of England had projected, and while Chancellor Jeremy Hunt has announced a significant tightening of fiscal policy, it is unlikely to change the Bank’s thinking as the pain will mostly be felt after the next election, due by 2025.

“There is plenty of scope for further disagreement among MPC members,” said Paul Deales of Capital Economics, a consultancy, who believes the committee is likely to opt for a smaller rate hike this week and noted that it is “nearing the end”. of the tensile cycle.

Two key data releases early this week – the latest inflation reading and official figures on the state of the labor market – have the potential to swing the vote.

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The biggest concern for the BoE is that chronic labor shortages – caused in part by increased inactivity among older workers – will force employers to raise wages at a pace that will keep inflation high, if they also try to maintain their margins by raising prices to Rewards.

“We’ll have to raise interest rates more than we’re raising to counter that,” Bailey told the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee last month, while pointing to early signs of easing employment pressures.

Whether the MPC decides to increase the forward loading rate, or act more cautiously, the critical question is how far it will go in the end. Last month, the committee gave unusually clear direction that investors had gone too far in betting that interest rates would rise to 5.25 percent next year. It may be less obvious now that investors backed off, as current market rates point to a peak of just over 4.5 percent.

But analysts believe the direction of travel will remain clear. “We think the overall message is likely to be that the MPC is not over yet,” Hollingsworth said.


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We need to pay more attention to skewed economic signals

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The writer is chair of Queen’s College, Cambridge and advisor to Allianz and Gramercy

Inflation was the dominant economic and financial issue of 2022 for most countries around the world, especially for advanced economies that have a consequential impact on the global economy and markets.

The effects have been seen in declining living standards, increasing inequality, increasing borrowing costs, stock and bond market losses, and occasional financial mishaps (fortunately small and so far contained).

In this new year, recession, both actual and feared, has joined inflation in the driving seat of the global economy and is likely to replace it. It’s a development that makes the global economy and investment portfolios subject to a wide range of possible outcomes — something that a growing number of bond investors seem to be aware of more than their equity counterparts.

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International Monetary Fund iYou will likely review soon Her economic growth forecasts again, predicting that “a third of the world will be hit by recession this year”. What is particularly notable to me about these worsening global prospects is not only that the world’s three major economic regions – China, the European Union and the United States – are slowing down together, but also that this is happening for different reasons.

In China, a chaotic exit from the wrong Covid-19 policy is undermining demand and causing more supply disruptions. Such headwinds to domestic and global economic well-being will continue as long as China fails to improve the coverage and effectiveness of its vaccination efforts. The strength and sustainability of the subsequent recovery will also require that the country more vigorously renew a growth model that can no longer rely on greater globalization.

The European Union continues to deal with energy supply disruptions as the Russian invasion of Ukraine continues. Strengthening inventory management and reorientation of energy supplies is well advanced in many countries. However, it is not yet sufficient to lift immediate constraints on growth, let alone resolve long-term structural headwinds.

The United States has the least problematic view. The headwinds to growth are due to the Fed’s struggle to contain inflation after mischaracterizing rate increases as fleeting and then initially being too timid to adjust monetary policy.

The Fed’s shift to an aggressive front-load of interest rate hikes came too late to prevent the spread of inflation in the services sector and wages. As such, inflation is likely to remain stubborn at around 4 percent, be less sensitive to interest rate policies and expose the economy to greater risk for accidents from additional policy errors that undermine growth.

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The uncertainties facing each of these three economic areas suggest that analysts should be more careful in reassuring us that recessionary pressures will be “short and shallow”. They need to be open, if only to avoid repeating the mistake of prematurely dismissing inflation as transient.

This is especially important because these diverse drivers of recessionary risk make financial fragility more threatening and policy shifts more difficult, including potentially Japan. Get out of interest rate control Policy. The range of possible outcomes is extraordinarily large.

On the one hand, a better policy response, including improving the supply response and protecting the most vulnerable populations, can counteract the global economic slowdown and, in the case of the United States, avert a recession.

On the other hand, additional policy errors and market turmoil can lead to self-reinforcing vicious cycles with rising inflation and rising interest rates, weakening credit and compressed earnings, and stressing market performance.

Judging by market prices, more bond investors are better understanding this, including by refusing to follow the Fed’s interest rate guidance this year. Instead of a sustainable path to higher rates for 2023, they believe recessionary pressures will lead to cuts later this year. If true, government bonds would provide the yield and potential for badly missed portfolio risk mitigation in 2022.

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However, parts of the stock market is still weakly bearish pricing. Reconciling these different scenarios is more important than investors. Without better alignment within markets and with policy signals, the positive economic and financial outcomes we all desire will be no less likely. They will also be challenged by the risk of more unpleasant outcomes at a time of less economic and human resilience.

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Macro hedge funds end 2022 higher, investors say, while many others take big losses By Reuters

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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Traders work on the trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York City, US, January 5, 2023. REUTERS/Andrew Kelly

By Svea Herbst Baylis

NEW YORK (Reuters) – Some hedge funds betting on macroeconomic trends have boasted of double and even triple-digit gains for 2022, while other high-profile companies that have long been on technology stocks have suffered heavy losses in volatile markets, investors said.

Rokos Capital, run by Chris Rokos and one of a handful of so-called global macro companies, gained 51% last year. Fund investors this week, who asked not to be identified, said Brevan Howard Asset Management, the company where Rokos once worked, posted a gain of 20.14% and Caxton Associates returned 16.73%.

Haider Capital Management’s Haider Jupiter Fund rose 193%, an investor said.

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Data from hedge fund research showed that many macro managers have avoided crumbling stock markets that have been rocked by rapid interest rate increases and geopolitical turmoil, including the war in Ukraine, to rank among the best performers in the hedge fund industry. The company’s macro index rose 14.2% while the general index of hedge funds fell 4.25%, its first loss since 2018.

Equity hedge funds, where the bulk of the industry’s roughly $3.7 trillion in assets are invested, fared worse with a loss of 10.4%, according to HFR data. And while that beat the broader stock market’s loss of 19.4%, some high-profile funds posted even bigger losses.

Tiger Global Management lost 56% while Whale Rock Capital Management ended the year with a 43% loss and Maverick Capital lost 23%. Coatue Management ended 2022 with a loss of 19%.

But not all companies that bet on technology stocks suffered. John Thaler JAT Capital finished the year with a 3.7% gain after fees after a 33% increase in 2021 and a 46% gain in 2020.

Sculptor Capital Management (NYSE::), where founder Dan Och is fighting the company’s current CEO in court over his salary increase, posted a 13% drop.

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David Einhorn’s Greenlight Capital, which bet that Elon Musk would be forced to buy Twitter, ended the year up 37% while Rick Sandler’s Eminence Capital rose 7%.

A number of so-called multi-manager companies where teams of portfolio managers bet on a variety of sectors also boast positive returns and have been able to deliver on their promise that hedge funds can deliver better returns in distressed markets.

Balyasny’s Atlas Fund (NYSE: Enhanced) gained 9.7%, while Point72 Asset Management gained 10%. Millennium Management gained 12% while Carlson Capital ended the year with a 7% gain.

Representatives for the companies either did not respond to requests for comment or declined to comment.

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German automakers point to easing supply chain problems

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Sales at BMW and Mercedes-Benz jumped in the final months of 2022 as the German premium auto brands indicated supply chain problems plaguing the industry were abating.

Automakers around the world have experienced parts shortages since the pandemic, especially semiconductors, leaving many of them with large fleets of incomplete vehicles that can’t be delivered to customers.

BMW and Mercedes each said their full-year vehicle deliveries fell last year by 4.8 percent and 1 percent, respectively, due to Suppliers Bottlenecks as well as lockdowns in China and the war in Ukraine.

But supply pressures eased in the last quarter of the year, as BMW recorded a 10.6 percent jump in sales, with 651,798 vehicles delivered, and Mercedes fulfilling 540,800 orders, up 17 percent from the same period in 2022.

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BMW He said the main effects of supply chain bottlenecks and continued lockdowns were felt in the first six months of the year, adding that “sales were steadily picking up in the second half.”

Mercedes boss Ula Kallenius told the Financial Times last week that the list of problems in the auto supply chain was declining, but added that long waits for cars would continue into 2023.

“One chip is enough to be vital [ . . .] Missing, and then you can’t finish the car, even if you have everything else.

Both brands recorded strong sales growth electric car. Mercedes, which last week announced a plan to build 10,000 charging docks, said EV shipments grew 124 percent to 117,800 last year compared with its predecessor.

Similarly, BMW reported strong growth in electric vehicle sales, with deliveries of fully electric vehicles doubling last year to 215,755.

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Analysts at Bank of America said that sales of electric vehicles, including hybrid cars, reached a historic peak last November, with 1.1 million units sold. They attributed this largely to the upcoming phase-out of customer subsidies in Germany.

Participate in Mercedes BMW and BMW prices held steady Tuesday morning as investors priced in an image of an improving showing.

Rolls-Royce, a subsidiary of BMW, announced Monday that sales have hit a 119-year record, driven by strong demand in the United States, its largest market.

The luxury brand has been largely unaffected by the semiconductor pressure, mainly because it makes relatively few compounds and therefore needs fewer chips.

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