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Many Americans are avoiding the Omicron COVID booster drug. What does that mean for the future

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Relatively few Americans have received the new Omicron booster — and most don’t plan to get it anytime soon, if at all, according to new scan.

Only 7.6 million Americans – out of 333 million Total — the new COVID vaccine, which becomes widely available on Labor Day. to compare with 225 million People who received the initial stab.

Everyone 12 years of age or older Eligible To the booster if they have received their base shots. But most Americans — more than two-thirds — have postponed or never intended to receive a jab, according to a survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation last week.

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Supply is not a problem. The shot purchased by the federal government is free of charge. And updated lunges — produced by now-familiar names Pfizer and Moderna – using the same technology used in the initial shots, with an additional reinforcement of protection against the currently prevalent Omicron strains BA.4 and BA.5.

So why is vaccine frequency soaring, especially with a new wave of infections expected in the coming weeks? And what will fall and winter look like as COVID immunity wanes?

Experts say Covid-19 fatigue, among other factors, has the right vaccine — tired of the punches that protect against death but don’t prevent disease — joining the ranks of the vaccine undecided, as the epidemic continues into its third year.

“No one is willing to take the vaccine,” Dr.. Ali Miqdada professor at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, said luck. The center modeling Expect the US COVID wave that begins to surge in mid to late October and peaks in January.

Many Americans got the initial COVID shots, then the boosters. But he said they still had COVID. “And they gave up. They said, ‘I’m no longer worried about this virus,’ and they have moved on.”

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dazed and horrified

Slightly more than half of Americans report that they have already returned to their pre-COVID lives or plan to do so in the near future, according to Ipsos September poll. Nearly two-thirds of them believe the epidemic is over.

Not surprisingly, most Americans put the virus behind them, Despite tens of thousands of new cases Hundreds of new deaths are reported daily. In May, the leading infectious disease specialist in the United States, Dr. Anthony Fauci, told PBS News Clock that country”from the pandemic stage. President Biden announced in September thatThe epidemic is over. “

If the pandemic is over, why get a booster shot?

“If someone says it’s all over, people won’t line up and get a booster dose the next day,” Dr. Raj Rajanarayanan, associate dean of research and associate professor at New York Institute of Technology in Jonesboro, Ark, said recently. Tell luck.

To make matters worse, the “Centers for Disease Control and Prevention”levels of societyDr George Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, said: “The COVID map shows that the majority of the country is experiencing low levels of the virus. luck. What wasn’t immediately clear is that the map more reflects COVID hospital admissions and capacity. A more buried map shows high levels of viral spread in the vast majority of the country.

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“Most of the nation is green on the CDC spread map,” Benjamin said, referring to the color associated with low “community levels.”

“I think people’s general perception is that the thing is going away. We’re not kind as good at understanding the risks,” he said.

Mikdad says some Americans are not skeptical about the state of the pandemic in the country, but have lost faith in the footage, which public health officials initially described as a one-time blow that would put an end to the pandemic.

“They say, ‘My immune system has seen it, it’s dealt with it, I don’t need the vaccine,’” he said. “But these people are among those who are still alive. They don’t remember the 4,000 or so who die on a weekly basis. People look at the outcome they prefer and make a decision not to get the vaccine.”

Bruce Walker, director of the Ragon Institute at MGH, MIT, Harvard, a medical institute focused on disease eradication, and co-chair of the Massachusetts Association on Pathogen Readiness, agrees.

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“I think the fact that vaccines do not completely prevent infection but relieve disease is something that has confused people and made them less anxious to get vaccinated,” he said. luck.

ignorant about booster

Some Americans don’t actively reject the new booster – they don’t know it exists. Just under a third of Americans have heard only “a little” about the new Omicron boosters, and 20% have heard nothing at all, according to a Kaiser poll.

Public health agencies are not sending messages about booster availability and benefits at the same volume and frequency as they did when the COVID vaccines first arrived. The White House has survived Press conference on September 6 Announcing the availability of Omicron boosters — then generally silence.

“Quite frankly, there hasn’t been much motivation to give people a vaccine,” Benjamin said.. “People told us it was there, but it was kind of a one-time try.”

Then there are those who know it, but think they’re incompetent, according to Benjamin. Those 12 years of age who have received the “primary series” — two shots of Modena and/or Pfizer — and who are at least two months apart (a booster or initial series) are eligible, according to the CDC.

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But those who have received one vaccine from Johnson & Johnson, or a different one such as Novavax, may not know they qualify. Benjamin says that some who had a boost before the Omicron shots came out may think they don’t need a new booster.

Although there is some public health messaging — about the safety of getting the Omicron booster and flu shots together — the messages focus on the safety of receiving them at the same time, not on people who should get both injections, Benjamin said.

“I think this is a missed opportunity,” he added.

Defining a pandemic

Adding to the country’s supportive problems: Many Americans seem unaware that vaccines are needed during and after pandemics, said Amish Adalja, an infectious disease specialist and senior researcher at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, luck.

Compounding the problem: There is no agreed upon milestone that the country must reach before emerging from the epidemic and entering an endemic state, where disease exists but does not significantly disrupt daily life.

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“People get a flu shot every year and there hasn’t been a flu pandemic since 2009,” Adalja said, referring to the 2009 H1N1 flu strain.

With COVID not paralyzing the health care system as it once did, Adjala tends to accept the idea that the pandemic is over, and that it has moved into an endemic phase. But he says booster injections are just as important.

There is a “wrong duality, a misconception that there is nothing in between – it’s a pandemic or nothing,” he said. But “just because the pandemic is over does not mean that there is no work to be done to reduce the problem of COVID-19.”

Hope and Fear

Adalja is optimistic. He says booster rates may rise as those who recently received the old boost reach the end of their two-month waiting period to receive the new boost. (The delay should reduce heart disease risk.) Many experts predict a spike in booster rates if COVID rates start rising again this fall.

But as it stands, lower booster rates mean that new COVID variants will encounter less resistance in US antibody immunity – whether from vaccination or infection – fading out after a few months, meaning that those who haven’t been recently vaccinated or become infected will have more susceptible to virus infection.

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New variants of COVID are becoming more immune evasive, evading manufactured antibody therapies, and possibly making the vaccine less effective in the future.

“At this point, we need to vaccinate as if [new variants] Dr. Michael Osterholm, director of the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, said: luck. “But we owe it to the public to say that we can see a future side to this pandemic unlike any we’ve seen today.”

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Japan’s service sector stagnated, and manufacturing shrank the most in two years

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Japan’s service sector stagnated, and manufacturing shrank the most in two years

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Serbia and Kosovo avert the threat of violence with a deal over license plates

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Serbia and Kosovo reached an agreement late Wednesday night to defuse a row over a boycott of car number plates by the country’s citizens, neutralizing tensions that for the time being threatened to cause violence and destabilize the Balkans.

“We have an agreement,” EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, who played the role of the main arbiter in the talks between Belgrade and Pristina, said. chirp. “Very pleased to announce that the chief negotiator of Kosovo and Serbia . . . have agreed on measures to avoid further escalation.”

“Serbia will stop issuing license plates to Kosovo’s city communes and Kosovo will stop further actions related to vehicle re-registration,” he wrote, adding that the two sides “will now fully focus on the proposal on the normalization of relations between them.”

The technical but highly symbolic question of who can issue number plates to vehicles of ethnic Serbs in Kosovo goes to the heart of the standoff between Serbia and its former province, which unilaterally seceded in 2008. There is also the question of whether Pristina can impose its own rules on all its citizens, Serbs as well as Albanians, and whether Belgrade will accept this.

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Until the last minute, Kosovo’s prime minister, Albin Kurti, was refusing to bow to pressure from the United States and the European Union for a deal on the narrow issue of car plates. He was also insistent on moving toward a final agreement on the status of Kosovo, which would mean at least some level of recognition from Serbia.

“We have the goal, the position, the reasons and the arguments for reaching a legally binding agreement [with Serbia]but this should also be a goal [EU] Mediators,” Corti told his cabinet.

Monday’s summit in Brussels between Kurti and Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic ended without compromise. The deadline for imposing fines to enforce Kosovo’s motor vehicle licensing rules on Serbs was extended at the last minute until Thursday morning to Allow time for more conversations.

Borrell placed most of the blame for this failure on Pristina, saying that the rejection of several centrist proposals spoiled the plan. Kurti hit back on Wednesday, saying the EU had lost credibility when it single-handedly dropped the ball on an earlier proposal to move over Kosovo’s sovereignty.

Belgrade, which was bombed by NATO in 1999 in a short war over the future of Kosovo, said it would never recognize its former province as a sovereign state – but for the better part of the week it was seen as the more constructive of the two sides in Brussels.

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Kosovar President Fyuza Osmani praised the deal, but also added that it would not have been possible without the involvement of the United States, which pushed for an extension of the deadline Monday night.

“I would like to thank the US Ambassador to Kosovo, Jeff Hovenier, and the US government for their active participation in reaching an agreement today in Brussels,” Osmani said. chirp. Their support for the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue process is indispensable. Kosovo is grateful.”

Tensions have risen in recent weeks as Kosovo began threatening action against drivers who refused to switch from old number plates issued by Serbia to the new ones printed locally. Thousands of drivers refused to comply and, in a sign of growing hostility, a large number of public servants in northern Kosovo, where there is an ethnic Serb majority, quit in protest of the crackdown.

Milos Damjanovic, a researcher at the Belgrade-based BIRN consultancy, said that although the chance of violence has now significantly decreased, tensions remain and it will be difficult to undo the damage caused by the animosity of recent months.

Damjanovic said: “The most explosive problem in northern Kosovo at the moment has been resolved.” “The problem remains that the Kosovo Serbs in the north have withdrawn from Kosovo’s institutions and do not wish to return, so there is a long way to go to ‘normalize’ the situation to what it was only a few weeks ago.

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“After minimizing this crisis, I doubt that Belgrade or Pristina will want to normalize relations,” he added. “Pristina does not want to give the Serbs in Kosovo any kind of autonomy, and Belgrade does not want to sign a legally binding treaty on normalizing relations.”



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Analysts say Tesla’s stock drop could be a buying opportunity

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After losing nearly $300 billion in market value in two months, a growing chorus of… Tesla Analysts at Inc. say the drop in the share price has gone far enough, pushing the stock higher on Wednesday.

Morgan Stanley Analyst Adam Jonas said earlier that Tesla is approaching its “bear case” price target of $150, providing an opportunity for investors to buy in at a bargain price. Citi analysts upgraded the stock to neutral from a sell, saying a decline of more than 50% this year has “near-term risk/reward offset”.

Despite challenges including slowing demand and price cuts In China, Tesla is the only electric car maker covered by Morgan Stanley that makes a profit from the sale of its cars, Jonas wrote in a note. The analyst — who also highlighted Tesla’s potential to tap consumer tax credits in the US — reiterated its $330 price target.

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Shares closed up 7.8% at $183.20 in New York. Inventory has fallen this year amid rising raw material costs, Issues With production and sales in China and squeezing customers’ budgets. Recently, CEO Elon Musk has been focusing on getting around Twitter Sentiment has also been hit, with $300 billion wiped out from Tesla’s market capitalization in the past two months, according to Bloomberg calculations.

According to Jonas, the distraction caused by Twitter must end to stop the stock slide. “There should be some form of ‘circuit breaker’ of sentiment around the Twitter situation to assuage investor concerns about Tesla,” he wrote.

Despite all the challenges Tesla has faced this year, Wall Street has remained fundamentally optimistic. The majority of Tesla analysts tracked by Bloomberg rated the stock Buy or equivalent, while the stock would need a whopping 57% rally to hit the analyst’s average price target. This year’s recession has left the stock trading at 31 times forward earnings, down more than 200 times in early 2021.

City analyst Itai Michaeli, who upgraded the stock on Wednesday, has one of the lowest price targets on the Street, at $176. The analyst said he’s becoming more positive because Tesla’s recession means some excessively bullish expectations for the stock, including unit sales, have now been priced in.

The new Impact Report weekly newsletter will examine how ESG news and trends are shaping the roles and responsibilities of today’s CEOs – and how they can better overcome these challenges. Subscribe here.

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